Cherry marasca originating from Asia Minor was brought to the Mediterranean during the time of Roman Empire. The tree of cherry marasca adjusted very well to the rocky and dry soil of its new homeland. Specific Mediterranean climate and soil in northern Dalmatia and Zadar´s hinterland ensured cherry marasca the best fruit quality and it became an autochthon plant in Dalmatia, also known as maraška. The oldest written document, where was written about the tree of cherry marasca was found among the documents of the State Archive in Zadar, in the late Middle Ages, in 14th century, precisely in 1339. There was described: „…one large tree of marasca near the town Zadar, on the position of Kolovare, in a vineyard by Fontana, near the sea…“.. This document is at the same time the oldest written document in the wider Dalmatia region.